The official language of French Guiana is French, and it is the predominant language of the department, spoken by most residents as a first or second language. In addition, a number of other local languages exist. Regional languages include Guianan Creole, six Amerindian languages (ArawakPalijurKali’naWayanaWayampiEmerillon), four Maroon creole languages (SaramakaParamaccanAlukuNdyuka), as well as Hmong Njua.[25] Other languages spoken include PortugueseHakkaHaitian CreoleSpanishDutch, and English.